English To German Language Learing - wikibooks 2006.pdf

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Language Course
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First Edition
May 01, 2006
The current version of this book can be found at
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Level one lessons (Introductory lessons)
Level two lessons (Grundlegende lektionen)
Level three lessons (Zwischenlektionen)
Level four lessons (Erweitertelektionen)
Level five lessons (Review lessons)
Appendices (Anhänge)
How to Study German Using This Textbook
A Textbook on Five Levels
The question arose early in the development of this textbook as to precisely who would be the target
audience. Although intended to be a "beginning" textbook on German, many felt that the early lessons
were too difficult for younger students with very limited or no experience with German and, perhaps
more importantly, limited skills in English grammar. For this reason a textbook on three levels was
Beginning German
puts more emphasis on building vocabulary around subject
matter interesting and useful to young students.
Basic German
emphasises grammar, and
assumes a greater knowledge of English grammar more typical of an older high school or a college
student. If you are just beginning to learn German or attempting to teach yourself, you may wish to try
both approaches and see which works better for you, since some people require a strong structural
approach to learning a new language while others find this "structure" only impedes progress by adding
another layer of complexity.
Intermediate German
which requires even more knowledge of
English, is for college students, preferably for sophomores or juniors. With even more complex lessons,
grammar and vocabulary comes
Advanced German
which with the most complex and
difficult parts of the German language, is for late college students (Seniors) and college graduates. The
last level, which is a review level, but also has cultural facts and the history of the German language, is
Reviewed German.
An existing, separate text,
German Grammar,
may eventually be
merged into the lesson modules or developed into useful appendices as a grammar reference. At
present, however, German Grammar is an expanding, significant contribution to the textbook; it
provides an important reference on German language grammar rules useful to the student working
through any of the three levels.
The German Language
German (Deutsch) is a member of the western group of the
Germanic languages.
It is spoken primarily
in Germany, Austria, the major part of Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, the Südtirol (South
Tyrol) region of Italy, the Opole Voivodship of Poland, parts of Belgium, parts of Romania, the Alsace
(Elsass) region of France and parts of Denmark. Additionally, several former colonial possessions of
these countries, such as Namibia in Africa, have sizable German-speaking populations. There are
German-speaking minorities in several eastern European countries including Russia, and in the United
States as well as countries in South America like Argentina. Over 120 million people speak German as
their native language. German is the third most popular foreign language taught worldwide, and the
second most popular in Europe. Continue reading about the
German language.
German and English
If you are an English speaker unfamiliar with German, you may be surprised to learn that English and
German are closely related languages and share many words that are very similar. This is particularly
true for everyday words in English that are Anglo-Saxon (that is, Germanic) in origin. Consider the
following list of English words followed by their German counterparts:
arm ~
der Arm
book ~
das Buch
cat ~
die Katze
father ~
der Vater
finger ~
der Finger
wagon ~
der Wagen
house ~
das Haus
hand ~
die Hand
June ~
der Juni
man ~
der Mann
mother ~
die Mutter
mouse ~
die Maus
name ~
der Name
son ~
der Sohn
garden ~
der Garten
lamp ~
die Lampe
bush ~
der Busch
baker ~
der Bäcker
net ~
das Netz
storm ~
der Sturm
hat ~
der Hut
fire ~
das Feuer
grass ~
das Gras
fish ~
der Fisch
kindergarden ~
der Kindergarten
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Hear these words
Of course, even words whose spelling is no different in English and German may be pronounced quite
differently. But in reading German, you will see the connections between these languages, even in
many of the "small" words (the above examples are all nouns). For example:
This week, my father is with my brother in the city
Diese Woche ist mein Vater mit meinem Bruder in der Stadt.
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Hear these sentences
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